Aikido And The Dynamic Sphere - Westbrook A. - Ratti O. - Book
Aikido and the Dynamic Sphere is a classical work and one of the most comprehensive works ever written on this method and art of self-defense. It is consid
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Aikido and the Dynamic Sphere is a classical work and one of the most comprehensive works ever written on this method and art of self-defense. It is considered worldwide as a major standard work on Aikido. A man who studies and practices aikido correctly desires only to defend himself without hurting others. There is no attack in aikido i.e., its goal is merely to neutralize an aggression and render the attacker harmless, without causing him any serious injury if at all possible. Therefore, aikido has often been referred to as the gentleman's fighting art. To possess this attitude, one must achieve a very high level of integration of the powers of mind and body, the harmonious combination of physical means and ethical motives. It is a Discipline of Coordination, a ''way'' of harmonizing all of man's vital powers. The very word aikido, in fact, contains the three elements which comprise the art: (ai), harmony or coordination (ki), spirit or energy (do), the method, the ''way.''
Adele Westbrook and Oscar RottiAdele Westbrook studied philosophy at Columbia University at the same time co-author Oscar Ratti was doing graduate work in classical languages. They began to practice aikido together, and while studying under a variety of instructors in the United States and Europe, started the collection of notes and sketches which finally developed into this illustrated introduction to the art of aikido. 1. WHAT IS AIKIDO? Defense in Aikido - The ''Centre'' and ''Ki'' - The Strategy of Neutralization - The Potential of Aikido 2. THE FOUNDATIONS OF AIKIDO The Founder - Main Sources of Formation and Inspiration - The Martial Arts - The ''Ethics'' of Defense 3. ORGANIZATION The Hierarchy - Promotion - The Uniform - The Practice Hall - The Mat - Etiquette and Classes 4. THE PRACTICE OF AIKIDO The Theory of Attack - Physical Factors - Dynamic Factors - Technical Factors - The Unified Power of Attack 5. THE THEORY OF DEFENSE The Process of Defense and Its Factors - The Inner Factors: the Role of the Mind - The Principle of Centralization - The Principle of Extension - The Principle of Leading Control - The Principle of Sphericity - Circuits of Neutralization - Spirals and Semi-Spirals of Neutralization - The Dynamic Sphere - Fusion and Special Exercises 6. THE PHYSICAL PREPARATION Preliminary Exercises: Suppleness - Basic Exercises: Coordination Rolls and Somersaults) 7. THE POSTURE AND MOTION OF DEFENSE Stages and Unity of the Aikido Process of Defense - The Posture - The Motion 8. THE BASIC TECHNIQUES OF NEUTRALIZATION General Recommendations - Immobilizations - Projections - Combinations 9. ADVANCED PRACTICE ''Mat'' or Kneeling Aikido - The Stave Exercises - The Techniques of Neutralization Applied Against an Armed Attack - The Techniques of Neutralization Applied Against a Multiple Attack - Free Style 10. CONCLUSION